163 medicinal plants have been found in the forests of CRB, a green hilly area of Chittagong city with its history and heritage. These are used to make medicines for various diseases including cancer, heart disease, high blood pressure, jaundice and hemorrhoids. This information has come up in a study. Researchers and experts say the CRB area itself is like a ‘natural hospital’. If a hospital is built here, most of these medicinal plants will be destroyed.
The study was conducted by Effective Creation on Human Opinion (ECO), a non-governmental organization led by Associate Professor Omar Farooq Russell of the Department of Botany, University of Chittagong. The study was conducted on trees in 20 areas of Chittagong city for more than four months. Among the areas covered by the study is CRB, known as the ‘lung’ of Chittagong city. The results of the study will be officially released on Tuesday.
When asked, Omar Farooq said, ‘The CRB area itself is like a natural hospital. Here we have found 173 medicinal plants. These plants are used as medicine for various diseases. These plants are used for herbal medicine as well as for medical science. We should save these trees. ‘
The study found a total of 223 species of plants in the CRB area. Among them 34 species of herbaceous plants. There are 22 species of herbaceous plants. 9 endangered species of plants. 6 such plants may become extinct in the future. There are 6 big trees in the area. In which there is a hundred-year-old roar and thunder.
The study found only two to seven medicinal plants in the Batali hills and chicken farm areas of the city rather than the CRB. CRB is the third of the 20 areas in the city in terms of number and variety of trees.
Eco president Sarwar Alam, who initiated the study, said in the first light, ‘Chittagong city is becoming increasingly forestless. From this concern we undertook the research to find out how much green is left here at present. Our researchers have found many medicinal plants.
According to the researchers, the medicinal plants found in the CRB area include tuna (Oroxylum indicum), arjuna (Terminamia arjuna), lajjabati (Mimosa pudica), apang (Achyranthus aspera), nisinda (Vitex nikundu), tuger (Tabernaemanta). (Moringa oliefera), Devakanchan (Bauhinia purpuria), Matminda (Tacca intigrifolia), Snake (Rauvolfia tetraphylla), Bakul (Mimusops elengi), Shimul (Bombax ceiba), Pitraj (Aphanamixis polystachya), Milk Tinospora erispa), Sonatala (Diploclasia glaucescens), Duranta erecta etc. are notable.
Tona is used as a medicine for cancer, the researchers said. It is also used in the treatment of jaundice, body aches, stomach aches, diarrhea, diarrhea, rheumatism, leukemia etc.
Arjun This tree is used in the treatment of diarrhea, diarrhea, heart disease, high blood pressure, toothache, body aches, asthma etc.
Lajjabati’s roots, stems, leaves, flowers — everything has medicinal properties. Lajjabati is used in the treatment of swelling, burning sensation in urine, hemorrhoids, phlegm-cough, abscess, jaundice etc.
Nisindapata mixed with coconut oil is used in the treatment of herpes.
Lajjabati, Nisinda, is used to neutralize snake venom.
Apanga roots are used in the treatment of cancer. It is used in the treatment of leukorrhea, tumors, toothache, kidney stones, cold, fever, pneumonia and stomach ache.
Togger is used in the treatment of jaundice, boils, fever, indigestion, spleen, liver disease, arthritis etc.
Shajan’s roots, stems, leaves, flowers and fruits are very nutritious. This is why it is called ‘magic’ tree. It has various medicinal properties. It is used in the treatment of spleen and liver diseases, fever, edema, paralysis, stomach ailments, epilepsy.
Devkanchan is used to treat bleeding, rheumatism, convulsions, diarrhea, pain, ulcers etc. Devkanchan is also used to relieve constipation.
Matmandapata is used to stop bleeding.
The study found a total of 223 species of plants in the CRB area
The study found a total of 223 species of plants in the CRB areaPhoto: Prothom Alo
According to the researchers, the plants that may become extinct in the future in the CRB area include serpentine, bakul, shimul, pitraj, dudhkurus, baka gulanch, sonatala, duranta etc.
Former and current students of the Department of Botany at the University of Chittagong. Khandaker Raziur Rahman, Imam Hossain, Sajib Rudra, Md. Arif Hossain, Sanatan Chandra Barman, Ikramul Hasan and Md. Mostakim took part.
SM Yusuf Sohail and Shahed Murad, members of Eco’s editorial board, said they did not know before that CRB has such a diverse and medicinal tree. These are the resources of the country. It is everyone’s responsibility to protect this green for future generations.
Environmentalists, including experts, have demanded that the proposed hospital be relocated from the CRB area to protect the ‘natural hospital’ here.
Various organizations have been protesting against the construction of a hospital in the CRB area for more than a month. They demanded that the hospital be shifted to another part of the city, excluding the CRB’s quiet green area.